Lithuania’s National Energy Regulatory Council (NERC) approved the ten-year gas transmission network development plan prepared by the gas transmission system operator Amber Grid. By 2029, there are plans to implement gas transmission system development investment projects aimed at diversifying gas supply sources in Lithuania and the region and ensuring the reliability of the gas transmission system.
Among the most important projects included in the plan, there is the completion of the GIPL gas interconnection project between Lithuania and Poland by the end of 2021, for which half to the total investments of 229 million euros will be used. Another important task for the development of the common gas market in the region is to increase gas transmission capacity between Lithuania and Latvia.
“Ensuring the reliability of Lithuania’s gas transmission system, we must think about the future, when the gas infrastructure, developed according to consumer needs and integrated into the European gas transmission system, will serve the transportation of renewable energy resources – biomethane and hydrogen,” said Amber Grid CEO Nemunas Biknius. “In order to achieve the goals of green energy, we plan to use the existing and developing gas transmission infrastructure to ensure energy transformation.”
In line with the directions of sustainable development set out in the European Green Deal, growing demand for green gas is expected in Europe. In contributing to the promotion of green energy development in Lithuania, biomethane production systems are already planned to be connected to the common gas transmission network. The possible introduction of hydrogen transportation technologies through natural gas pipelines is also being assessed. Hydrogen or synthetic methane produced by Power-to-Gas (P2G) systems can be fed into the gas transmission infrastructure and mixed with conventional natural gas.
With strong competition in the LNG market, it is forecasted that higher volumes of gas will continue to reach Lithuania and the other Baltic States through the Klaipėda LNG terminal, compared to the gas flow supplied from Belarus. It is projected that in 2020, approximately 65 per cent of gas will come in through the Klaipėda LNG terminal, while 31 per cent will come through the Belarusian border point and 4 per cent – through the Latvian border point.