Monday, September 25, 2023
HomeOil & GasAmber Grid: gas consumption in Lithuania dropped by more than a third...

Amber Grid: gas consumption in Lithuania dropped by more than a third in 2022

In 2022, Lithuania consumed 15.6 terawatt-hours (TWh) of natural gas, which is 35 per cent less than in 2021, when the country’s gas demand reached 24 TWh, according to data from the country’s gas transmission system operator Amber Grid.

Gas consumption decreased by more than a third as high gas prices led to a significant drop in fertiliser production in the country and electricity generation at Lithuanian power plants, as well as due to warm weather and the decision to use mazut for heating Vilnius, the transmission system operator said.

Despite the significant drop in gas consumption, Amber Grid’s Lithuanian gas transmission system transported a record amount of gas last year (64 TWh). This is 21 per cent more than in 2021, when 53 TWh of natural gas was transported through the system. This change was driven by a tenfold increase in gas flows to Latvia and the opening of the gas interconnection with Poland (GIPL) in May 2022, Amber Grid added.

“Last year, gas consumption in the EU countries declined by one-fifth on average, while demand in the Baltic States and Finland declined by as much as 35-40 per cent. Lithuania has become an important gas transmission partner for its neighbours by making use of the infrastructure it has built and meeting the region’s needs. Supplying other countries with gas is also beneficial because it increases the use of gas infrastructure and allows offering better gas prices to transmission system users,” said Nemunas Biknius, CEO of Amber Grid.

The outbreak of the war in Ukraine has led to a significant increase in gas flows towards Latvia. In 2022, 18.4 TWh of gas was transported to the Baltic States and Finland – ten times more than in 2021 – when 1.9 TWh of gas was transported northwards. The GIPL pipeline, in operation since May last year, transported 6.4 TWh of gas to Poland and 2.3 TWh to Lithuania from May to December, the operator added.

The Klaipėda LNG terminal, which is the main source of gas supply to Lithuania and the other Baltic States, accounted for 79 per cent (32.1 TWh) of the total gas transported into the system in 2022. Flows from Latvia accounted for almost 8 per cent (3.3 TWh) and flows from Poland comprised 5 per cent (2.3 TWh). From January to March, around 8 per cent (3.1 TWh) of gas was transported through the Lithuania-Belarus interconnection. 

After Lithuania stopped importing Russian gas on 1 April, only gas intended for Kaliningrad is transported via the Lithuania-Belarus interconnection. Gas transit to the Kaliningrad Oblast in 2022 amounted to 23 TWh and was 12 per cent lower than at the same time last year when 27 TWh of gas was transited via Lithuania to Kaliningrad. 

Sign up for our newsletters

    Monthly newsletter – Delivering the most important energy stories of the month selected by our Editor-in-chief
    Weekly Oil&Gas roundup - All major news about the oil and gas industry, LNG developments, the upscaling of new gases and related EU regulations arriving in your mailbox every Monday.
    Weekly Renewables&Climate roundup - All major news about investments in renewable energy sources, environment protection, green hydrogen and new innovative ways to tackle the climate crisis arriving in your mailbox every Tuesday.

    Most Popular