The Polish Council of Ministers has accepted the draft amendment to the Act on Supporting Thermal Upgrading, Renovations and Certain other Acts submitted by the Minister of Climate.
The primary objectives include counteracting smog and energy poverty and energy efficiency improvement of buildings.
The results of the Act will include the elimination of the release of fine particles generated by low-emissions area, like from the urban sector (individual households, small, local boiler stations, workshops and service establishments).
Over 80 per cent of single-family housing units in Poland are heated with solid fuels. Out of that, 3 million use technologically obsolete coal boilers and wood, which emit considerable pollution. In turn, over 70 per cent of single-family houses are not thermally isolated or have no thermal isolation.
To reach these objectives, the Central Register of Building Emissions (CRBE) will be launched and the Clean Air and the Stop Smog programmes will be further developed.
The CRBE is an IT mechanism that will be used for identifying low-emission sources from buildings. The system will gather the key information on the sources of urban emissions, which will be obtained through a nation-wide survey.
The Stop Smog programme has been effective since February of 2019 and will be e implemented until the end of 2024. Thermal upgrading in single-family homes involves, for instance, replacing non-environmentally friendly heat sources with heating systems which meet the low emission standards.
Finally, the Clean Air programme was introduced in September 2018 and will be carried out until 2029. It is directly dedicated to the owners of single-family housing units. It aims to improve the energy efficiency of these buildings and – as a result – to decrease the amount of atmospheric pollutant emissions. The beneficiary of this programme will also have the possibility to apply for up to 5,000 Zloty (1,135 euros) in subsidy for a micro-installation with a power output of 2-10 kilowatts (kW).