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European Parliament adopts new rules for additional EV charging stations

The European Parliament has approved a new legislative proposal on additional alternative fuel stations for cars and trucks (11 July).

The new rules are part of the “Fit for 55 in 2030 package,” the EU’s plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 per cent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and aim to decarbonise transport.

If adopted, electric vehicle (EV) charging stations with a minimum 400 kilowatt (kW) output will have to be deployed at least every 60 kilometres along core TEN-T network routes by 2026, with the network’s power output increasing to 600 kW by 2028.

Charging stations for trucks and buses would also have to be provided every 120 km. These stations ought to be installed on half of the main EU roads by 2028 and with a 1400 kW to 2800 kW power output depending on the road, according to the proposed rules.

Additionally, EU member states would have to ensure that hydrogen refuelling stations along the core TEN-T network are deployed at least every 200 km by 2031.

“Using more sustainable, renewable and efficient energy solutions in the transport sector will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, improve citizens’ quality of life and create new high-quality jobs. The new rules will also help to deploy more charging infrastructure and make it as easy to use as traditional petrol stations,ʺ said Petar Vitanov, European Parliament’s rapporteur on alternative fuels infrastructure.

Easier payment methods (payment cards or contactless devices and without a need to have a subscription) would also be offered to alternative fuel vehicle users, while the price of these fuels would have to be displayed per kWh, kg or per minute/session.

The new rules on alternative fuels infrastructure were adopted by 514 votes in favour, 52 votes against and 74 abstentions.

The Parliament has also asked the European Commission to set up an EU database on alternative fuels data by 2027 to provide consumers with information on the availability, waiting times or prices at different stations.

These proposals will now be put forward to the European Council. Should it be approved by the Council, the new fuels will apply six months after their entry into force, and the sustainable maritime fuels rules will apply as of 1 January 2025.

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