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Fossil fuel reliance continues to drop in most parts of CEE, eurostat shows

In 2022, the EU’s reliance on fossil fuels for its overall energy supply stood at 70.9 per cent, as illustrated by the ratio of fossil fuels to gross available energy (the total energy demand of a country or region).

This is a slight increase from the levels in 2021, where it stood at 69.9 per cent, the EU’s statistics office Eurostat noted in a press release.

Compared with 2021, in 2022, the largest decreases in the share of fossil fuels in gross available energy were in Latvia (-3.7 percentage points (pp)), Slovakia (-2.1 pp) and Hungary (-1.9 pp).

However, two countries from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) was also among EU member states with the largest increases in fossil fuel reliance: Estonia (+4.2 pp) and Bulgaria (2.8 pp). Croatia and Greece also noted a slight increase in fossil fuel reliance by  1.88 pp and 1.19 pp, respectively.

Nonetheless, reliance on fossil fuels in other countries in CEE either saw a slight decrease (Lithuania, Austria, Poland, Romania) or remained at a similar level (Czechia, Slovenia) in 2022.

In 2022, a decrease in nuclear power production was also noted. Even if renewables had increased, this was not enough to compensate for the decrease in nuclear energy, Eurostat said.

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